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文史小知识毛泽东在延安的低碳生活 

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更新时间:2016-10-27 15:10:02

1935年10月,经过长征的中国工农红军来到延安,在窑洞里一住就是13年。在这种普通的窑洞里,毛泽东等中国共产党的领导人,和广大的人民群众保持着密切的联系。

1935年10月,经过长征的中国工农红军来到延安,在窑洞里一住就是13年。在这种普通的窑洞里,毛泽东等中国共产党的领导人,和广大的人民群众保持着密切的联系。毛泽东和大家一样,每天3钱盐、5钱油,吃的是小米,穿的是粗布衣服。许多同志多次提议给他增加伙食费,都被他坚决谢绝了。1939年3月15日,毛泽东在延安凤凰山的窑洞里,用小米饭和蘑菇、竹笋等菜肴招待印度援华医疗队。毛泽东满怀信心地说:“吃小米拿步枪,我们坚信能够抗击军事强大的日本。”历史证明了毛泽东的话。美国著名记者安娜·路易斯·斯特朗在延安访问毛泽东之后,在访问记中写道:“党的负责干部,住着寒冷的窑洞,凭借微弱的灯光,长时间地工作,那里没有讲究的陈设,很少物质享受,但是住着头脑敏锐、思想深刻和具有世界眼光的人。”

但在这样艰苦的环境中产生的成绩是伟大的。为了将《论持久战》早日写出来,毛泽东在窑洞里通宵达旦,废寝忘食。陕北的冬夜,寒冷难耐,毛泽东一边挥毫疾书,一边把脚踏在火盆边取暖,鞋被烤着了也不知道。第二版的《毛泽东选集》一至四卷共收入了毛泽东的159篇文章,而在延安时期写成的就占到112篇。如今,奢侈浪费、贪污腐败的现象屡禁不止,更衬托出这种艰苦奋斗精神的难能可贵。


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